Technology Trends Shaping Modern Engineering

Keyur Kakadiya

Technology Trends Shaping Modern Engineering

Today Innovation has totally changed our lives. We are surrounded by smart gadgets and we cannot think about life without these. The internet has information about everything. It has made our lives easier, better and hassle-free.

In this modern era, the contribution of technology in modern life cannot be measured. The year “2017” was marked as the “Year of Intelligence”. The advancement in the technology has solved many problems. Gadgets are getting more intelligent and we need better stages and structures to effectively support the computerized changes. We have to keep ourselves updated with the latest trends in technology.

Different aspects of Artificial Intelligence for example, Machine Learning, Robotic Process Automation will evolve in 2018. The major trends that are expected in 2018 are discussed below:

  1. Machine Learning

Machine Learning is sub-area of Artificial Intelligence. It empowers PCs to get involved in self-learning without being expressly modified. The computer programs learn, modify, and grow by themselves when they are exposed to new information.  Machine learning helps in analyzing the great volume of data. It is able to generate accurate results by utilizing efficient algorithm and real time data processing models. With the help of machine learning robots, autonomous vehicles, virtual assistants etc have been possible.

  1. Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality technology

Virtual Reality is all about using computer technology to create simulated, 3D world that a user can control and explore while feeling as though individual is in that world. Virtual and augmented environments can also be used in training programs for the military, the space program and even for medical students. It is changing the way people interact with the help of digital world.

  1. Internet of Things (IoT)

The Internet of Things is the concept of everyday objects. It is about utilizing the built-in sensors to collect the information and take action on the basis of that data across a network. It is considered as the future of the technology and it can make the lives of humans more efficient. It can be used to create data driven systems which can be built into infrastructure of smart cities. This will help the municipalities in waste management and other things more efficiently. In order to make IoT useful, Analytics of Things is required. This will be helpful in data management and integration methods.

  1. Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence isn’t simply about knowing more data. It is about making a computer function like a human brain that is able to learn and create new ideas. It has brought huge change in business operations. In future, AI is expected to help in solving many human routines problems like decision-making, developing businesses and scientific models etc. The capacity of calculations for self-learning will bring the humans nearer to implementation of the AI in numerous areas of human life.

Artificial intelligence has finally caught the attention of Indian government in 2018. Arun Jaitley, the Finance Minister, talked about the national programme on AI in his budget speech. The government is taking the initiative of promoting AI, machine learning and other technologies.

The candidates preparing for JEE Main must know that Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kharagpur) would soon start the Centre with teaching, learning and knowledge dissemination program. Also IIT, Kharagpur is planning to set up a Centre of Excellence in Artificial Intelligence research.  The telecom company- Nokia and the Indian Institute of Technology-Delhi (IIT-Delhi) have entered into a partnership to collaborate on technologies like data analytics and artificial intelligence (AI). Only Mukesh Patel School of Technology Management and Engineering and Indian Institute of Technology are the top B.Tech Colleges in Maharashtra that provide courses in Machine learning, Data science and AI.


In 2018, we are going to witness more promising technological innovations. Technologies will improve exponentially and AI will become more intelligent. The outcomes are expected to be simply amazing.


By: Abigail Panna

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